Strawberry cultivation, multiplication and maintenance
After summer and with the arrival of cooler and wetter days
Strawberries are revitalized and produce their delicious fruits again… Therefore, during the autumn we can continue to harvest strawberries. It’s also time to deal with the multiplication of our plants and prepare them for the coming winter cold.
Strawberries are reproduced by seeds and also by runners. Stolons are stems that develop from a mother plant and allow the generation of a new plant. We will easily recognize them by their length and why they always have at the end a few leaves and small roots, looking for a new place to bury and start to form a new plant.
These stolons, therefore, can be used to generate new plants. We will look for stolons with some developed roots and bury them in a flowerpot or flowerpot, or in free space in the garden where we want to have a new plant for the next season.
Strawberries require adequate fertilization to develop, prefer soils or substrates containing large amounts of organic matter. You can choose fertilizer, recycling domestic organic waste through compost or vermicomposter we can obtain compost or earthworm humus, both are fertilizers very suitable for strawberry cultivation.
Once finished the processes of fertilization and transplant, we will only have to water, indispensable works whenever we transplant or sow any plant of our garden or orchard.
After two or three weeks the plant will have taken root. At that moment we can cut the stolon that joins it with the mother plant, which would become its umbilical cord so that it grows freely and does not weaken the original plant. We will already have new strawberries in our garden!
Once the multiplication process is finished
We will free our strawberries from all the stolons that have not been dedicated to the production of new seedlings. Otherwise, they will weaken the mother plants and prevent us from enjoying a good harvest next season.
Strawberries are plants that do not withstand the extreme heat of summer, so it is advisable to always plant them in places that remain in the shade during the central hours of the day.
Especially in colder climates, it is important to protect the strawberries during the winter, otherwise, the following year’s harvest will be greatly delayed.
It is therefore advisable to protect them before winter arrives. If we have them in pots, we can move them to a more protected place. If we have them directly on the ground, we have several options: we can cover them with straw or with a thermal blanket.
Thermal blankets have the advantage that they open and close quickly and allow us to cover a good surface at a very low cost. As they are textile blankets, they allow plants to breathe and humidity to pass through, leaving our strawberries well protected from heavy frost. They are very light blankets, so we must make sure to anchor them well to prevent the wind from moving them.