What to grow in autumn?
Seeds and plantations in the fall?
In cold seasons cultivating is much more relaxed, everything goes at a slower pace and there is no need to be so attentive to issues such as irrigation, which we have to be so attentive in times of heat. Next, we are going to give a few suggestions, as much to sow as to plant in the autumn garden.
Transplanting seedlings into the autumn orchard
If the crop is from seedling we can plant lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower, bulb fennel, various cabbages, celery, radish celery, chicory and artichokes. Also onions, leeks etc. In the previous post, Preparing the autumn orchard, you have a graph where some of the autumn vegetables appear with the basic information for their cultivation.
We will have to take into account that the autumn orchard is slower to grow and some things need enough space such as artichokes, cabbages and cauliflowers, so it will be very important to plan the orchard well. A word of advice: water each seedling with a watering can after planting so that it makes good contact with the soil.
Now is also a good time to do the seedlings of most autumn-winter vegetables. In the video-tutorials section of the Horticultor.es blog, you will find a video where you can see how to prepare your own seedlings.
Autumn direct sowing vegetables
In direct sowing, we can sow endive, radish, turnips, carrots, beets, spinach, chard, peas, beans. If you are not going to occupy the entire area of cultivation with vegetables, now is also the ideal time to sow green manure.
It is very important to note that the seeds must be in contact with the soil, not with compost, if there could be problems of dryness and germination, the compost should always be in the form of top compost.
It is very common to feel a little insecurity when sowing seeds the first few times; will a plant come out of that little thing? will I want to be born? will I do it well? with time these insecurities disappear, the practice removes all fears. In general, quality seeds have their own impulse to be born, as long as they are under the right conditions. That is their function!
Remember that the seed must be buried at a depth of three times its diameter, this can serve us as a reference and starting point to start experimenting.
Cut vegetables are a type of vegetable very present in the autumn orchard. From cut vegetables, we have spinach, chard, lamb’s lettuce, rocket and some types of cabbage, such as the prized col kale. From them we only collect the leaves without cutting the eye, if we do so quickly more leaves grow back. Cutting vegetables are a very good resource to optimize cultivation space.
If we also cultivate in pots it will be very simple to protect our plants from the cold. We can even have rocketed in a pot in some warm and bright corner inside our home.
Programming of sowing and autumn plantations
It is often very convenient to schedule two or three rounds of planting or sowing, as climatic factors can sometimes spoil a plantation. It is very common to plant cabbages very early, expecting a rainy September and moderate temperatures, and sometimes the opposite happens, that we have a very hot September that ends up risking our plantation.
In the orchard, and in any crop that prides itself, it is important to know how to distribute the risks, because we depend on time and other factors that we do not control. Therefore, it is advisable to plan the sowings and plantations of our orchard, choosing different varieties of each crop, ie cauliflower growing faster and earlier, with others developing later.
A plantation can be made at the end of August, and another at the middle or end of September, for example. In this way, we have more security, and if a part of the plantation does not develop as we hope, we will have other opportunities in the second or third plantation that we do.
No year is the same, and the experience of the previous year is not always worthwhile, but if we are constant we will find out the particularities of our environment, both the climate, the land and the biodiversity of the area. As we grow different varieties and products we will find the vegetables that best suit our growing space. All this experience will help us enormously when organizing the crops of autumn and any time of the year.
We hope that you will be encouraged to continue cultivating both the orchard and the urban orchard in autumn. Keep in mind that without cultivation, the winter in the orchard is very long. Happy and productive crops for all!